From The Federalist:
On his last day as the U.S. secretary of State, Mike Pompeo officially declared that the Chinese Communist Party’s actions against Uighur Muslims and other minorities in Xinjiang constitute “genocide” and “crime against humanity.” Many countries, including American allies, criticized the CCP’s human rights violations in Xinjiang. Pompeo’s announcement, however, marks the harshest condemnation by any country and makes the United States the first and the only country to designate CCP’s abuse in Xinjiang in such powerful terms.
The word “genocide” was first coined by Polish lawyer Raphäel Lemkin in 1944, in response to Nazi Germany’s systematic murder of Jewish people. It’s a word that brings to mind images of mass killing and triggers strong emotional reactions such as terror.
The United Nation defines “genocide” as any acts “committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group,” such as “killing members of the group; causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; and imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group.” So “genocide” is never a designation to be used lightly.
The Plight of the Uighurs
In an op-ed for the Wall Street Journal, Pompeo writes his announcement is the result of “an exhaustive yearslong investigation,” which finds the CCP’s abuses of Uighur Muslims and other minorities in Xinjiang meet the majority criteria of UN definition of genocide.